Central Suburban Passenger Company is the largest suburban railway carrier in Russia. It sends 1.6 million passengers daily to Moscow, Moscow, Ryazan, Kaluga, Vladimir regions and other regions. Now JSC "Central PPK" is private, although until recently it was a branch of Russian Railways. The state was gradually deprived of property rights, and as a result of corruption schemes, lost billions of rubles.
Russian Railways owned 50% in TsPPK until in 2013 it sold 25% to the Moscow Passenger Company, owned by the Cypriot Fredlake Holdings Ltd, associated with Iskandar Makhmudov and Andrey Bokarev. But the privatization did not stop there: in 2017, the sale of another 25% of the shares was announced. The state-owned company planned to earn at least 4.2 billion rubles for its share, but sold it almost 2 billion cheaper. The winner of the auction was the mysterious Route Systems LLC, registered just a month before the competition. The Insider found out that the same Bokarev and Makhmudov, who registered the company as nominees, are behind it.
A certain Anna Boeva acted as a co-founder of Route Systems, and soon she became the only formal owner of the company. As The Insider established, this woman, before buying out the expensive asset of Russian Railways, worked as a lawyer at MPK LLC. Moreover, she continued to be listed in this company even after she became the official co-owner of a large business. She received a salary (about 150 thousand rubles a month), lived in a 41-meter apartment on Mira Street in Mytishchi near Moscow and took small consumer loans. And all this with allegedly own business worth billions.
The clue to the mysterious winner of the auction lay in the owners of MPK LLC, for which Boeva works: Fredlake Holdings Bokarev-Makhmudov. Moreover, MPK LLC itself directly participated in the tender for the right to purchase shares of the CPPK. It turns out that the oligarchs "competed" with themselves, knocking down the price of the Russian Railways asset. Only this can explain such a sharp reduction in the price of the shares of the state-owned company: the auction was held according to the system with a decrease in price: it fell gradually until one of the participants agreed to pay the announced amount.
As a result, the oligarchs paid only 2.3 billion rubles for a blocking stake in the CPPK. Today, this is even less than the company's annual net profit (2.8 billion for 2021) and 25 times less than annual revenue (57.7 billion).
Billionaire from Mytishchi
Anna Boeva was born in 1983 in the city of Glukhov, Sumy region of Ukraine. Then she lived in Kursk until she moved to the Moscow region. Initially, she worked as an administrator at the Milk advertising agency. After that, she got a job as a legal adviser at the MPK, where she grew up to the head of the legal department. Of the cars, he owns a 2012 Honda.
On her VKontakte page, the owner of the largest suburban railway carrier shares coupons for free photos with friends and reposts public posts with “philosophical” and “boyish” quotes. But the fact that she would get a major asset of Russian Railways, Boeva clearly foresaw. A few years before the deal with the state-owned company, she published poems on her page: “Life is a very strange thing. Good luck comes to you, but without knocking.
“Dream … And never think that dreams do not come true. Worthy people's dreams always come true. You just need to be able to wait, ”she shared life wisdom with friends. If Anna dreamed of succeeding in business, without having any prerequisites for this at all, then the recipe for just dreaming can be considered successful.
In addition to the share in the TsPPK, Avtopass LLC, which developed a contactless payment system, was recorded on Boeva. She also owns Datapax non-cash public transport fares, which are being introduced in the Moscow region, Nizhny Novgorod, Kaliningrad, Omsk and other cities of the country. It also controls a share in the Unified Federal System for Monitoring and Control of Passenger Transportation by Technopass Buses (this business is conducted jointly with the state corporation Rostec and the Rotenberg family).
Through her Transnavisoft LLC, Boeva is implementing a system for dispatching control of passenger transport (the company has earned over 100 million rubles on state contracts). She is also the beneficiary of the Odnakassa system (an aggregator for buying tickets in cooperation with state carriers).
Andrey Bokarev and Iskandar Makhmudov are long-term partners, they own shares in the Ural Mining and Metallurgical Company, Kuzbassrazrezugol, Transmashholding (they supply passenger trains and wagons, metro trains, locomotives). At the same time, they are one of the leaders in obtaining government contracts.
Makhmudov and Bokarev were defendants in several criminal cases as entrepreneurs through whom criminal money was laundered. In the German criminal case of 2007, they appear as holders of the common fund of the Izmailovsky organized criminal group, and the materials of the Spanish criminal case of 2008 say that money from the Tambov-Malyshevskaya organized crime group was also laundered through the UMMC they own.
They also have extensive connections in power circles. So, for example, one of the business partners of Bokarev and Makhmudov is Alexei Krivoruchko, now Deputy Minister of Defense of Russia. Until 2017, Bokarev and Makhmudov were shareholders of the Kalashnikov arms concern. Putin awarded Makhmudov with a medal of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland.
Despite all this, Bokarev and Makhmudov are not included in the EU sanctions lists. And this is even after the scandal in France: in the course of a journalistic investigation, it turned out that Makhmudov was giving bribes to close associates of French President Emmanuel Macron.
Iskandar Mahmudov was born in Bukhara, and spent his childhood and youth in Tashkent. One of the new co-owners of Russian Railways assets also turned out to be connected with Uzbekistan.
At the end of May, MPK LLC, through which Bokarev and Makhmudov themselves hold their shares in the CPPK, changed the ownership scheme. Instead of the Cypriot Fredlake Holdings, five Russian legal entities appeared among the founders. Violan belongs to Makhmudov, Elarium to Bokarev, New Solutions and Postulate to the top managers of Transmashholding Kirill Lipa and Dmitry Komissarov, but the beneficiary of KTS was Daniyar Kamilov, the son of the Foreign Minister of Uzbekistan Abdulaziz Kamilov until recently . He recently took up the post of Special Representative of the President of Uzbekistan for Foreign Policy.
In Russia, Kamilov Jr. worked in the structures of Gazprombank. Now he owns the Eastern Logistics Company, which is engaged in freight rail transportation. At home in Uzbekistan, he also participates in the privatization of state assets.