Former CIA and National Security Agency officer Edward Snowden received Russian citizenship. The corresponding decree was signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin.
In 2013, Snowden gave the media information about the programs of the American intelligence agencies, which involve the implementation of surveillance around the world. Publications based on information released by Snowden caused a wide resonance. At home, he was charged in absentia with espionage and theft of state property. Snowden first fled the US to Hong Kong and then to Russia.
Then he asked for political asylum in Russia, on the advice of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange.
According to Assange, Snowden wanted to make such a request to one of the Latin American countries, but he advised him to turn to Russia. Assange explained that in Latin America, Snowden could be kidnapped or even killed.
On August 1, 2014, Snowden's asylum period was extended for three years and a residence permit was issued.